Joan of Arc - Part 3 - Modeling the head

Use the templates and regulate the size of displayable textures on 512 pixels in Preferences/Viewport/Configure Drivers. See Gauge.
The images (head and ear), Zip 50Ko.

Before launching out, a small sketch of the mesh we are aiming for will be made. This allows to plan with the muscular structure of the face in mind and guarantee of good possibility of facial animations thereafter.

Here you begin not with a box but a simple rectangular face.

In the Create panel choise Shape, with Rectangle for face, build a rectangle and convert into mesh by applying a Mesh edit.

To crush the pile (collapse stack) to have only Editable Mesh left

Adjust the polygon like the images.

Select the one outer edge and holding down the shift key use Move to move the edge away.
Max extrudes the edge and creates a new rectangle (quadrangle or quad).

Repeat the operation by adjusting the vertexes each time and make the complete eye shape as shown.With Weld Target, weld the two vertexes to join the band of quads together.

Front view and profile after adjustment of the vertexes

Start with the top of the mouth now. Select a face around the eye and all while holding shift key move the face.Dialogue box appears and select Clone to Element.

The news face is then part of the same object.An element in an max object is a group of faces not connected physically to the remainder of the object.

As with the eye, extrude to it surround the mouth shape and adjust as shown in these pictures of the two dimensions.

Circumference of the extruded mouth.

Extrude both edges like opposite.

Extrude like above and using Weld Target weld these edges to the lower eyelid.

Extrude the 3 edges like above.

Make Cuts as on the image top left.

Select two by two the vertexes as above right image then weld each pair into one vertex.

The mesh should be as opposite after Collapse

Complete the faces with Create poly.

Extrusions on the nose, additions of edges with Cut and weld of the vertexes.

After adjustment of the vertexes.

As with the body, add the modifier Meshsmooth in mode NURMS, iteration.
Make a copy mirror Instance.

With Low poly cage adjust the vertexes to give a regular form to smoothed surface.

Continue to extrude to build the forehead

Now is time to add sphere eyes and adjust the eyelid area.

Create a sphere of diameter slightly higher than the width of the opening of the eye. Apply to it a slight rotation to the vertical axis.

It is necessary to be arranged so that a circular division coincide with the edge of the pupil.

For that vary the number of segments of the sphere.

Here 27 segments are used.

That will be useful later during the completion of the eye.

Finally adjust the vertexes of the eyelids top and bottom so they are placed on the outer edge of the spheres.

Extrusions for cranium

Still an extrusion for cranium.

For top opposite.

A last series of extrusion for the top of cranium.

To build these faces to close cranium.

Add vertexes with Cut Edge.

The finished cranium. Note that there are only rectangular faces (quad).

Extrusions for the jaw and the chin.

To build the faces of the chin with Create Face.

Build these faces with Create Face.

Insert these edges with Cut.

This gap is sealed by creating polygons as shown. Try to obtain the same mesh layout you may have to use the edge visible/invisibe button Image of right-hand side shows the hole filled with Create Face.

After adjustment of the vertexes.

Apply a material with enough shininess to see the defects on subdivided surface. Correct and adjust with the cage low poly. Aim to have a maximum number of faces as quads and not tris as this guarantees best possible smoothing with Meshsmooth.

Onto the Nose

Insert a vertex using Divide into the base of the nose.

Fill the hole with Create Face (as in picture, middle).

Insert edges with Cut (picture, right-hand side).

How the profile looks after adjustment of the vertexes compared to the template (mode See Through).

Insert these edges and adjust for with dimensions.

Insert these edges.

Adjust the faces of the nose as with dimensions as on the images.
The base of the shape of the nose is now finished.

Insert these two series of edges with Cut.

Positions after adjustment.

Look of the nose once subdivided. Work the form with the low poly cage and view smoothing at the same time.

To finish, insert these edges to make the hole of the nose.

Select the polygon as indicated in the picture and made one Extrude inwards as well as Bevel to reduce the size of the internal hole.

Finished nose, subdivided with interations 2.

Onto the mouth now.

Select the edges edge of the mouth and extrude with shift ket depressed and uniform scale

After having adjusted the vertexes, add edges with Cut.

Stop to adjust the verticies.

The mouth finished in subdivision 1.

To finish the eyelids, twice extrude the edge of eye and adjust to make an edge rounded towards the interior.

Add an edge on the higher eyelid to detail and exaggerate it more.

Eyelids in subdivision 2.

Extrusion of the nape of the neck.

Extrude before neck.

Fill the hole with Create Face.

To mark the jaw, first Cut and a second for the junction with the neck.

Select the two marked of a point and then weld the vertices.

Cut under the chin and Weld Target to put in quadrangle this zone.

Make visible the edge as shown and hide if you need to form quads in this section

To finish Cut on the temple and here is the finished grid.

See below for the subdivided iteration 2 version in

Ok the text that went here (The whole tutorial was originally in french) is too hard to translate. I think it means dont collapse the stack quite yet cos the low poly mesh is still important for later on ;) - Tom